ADRIANO VALÉRIO DOS SANTOS AZEVÊDO
Health promotion in the community context. 2018-Current. Health promotion integrates a set of actions that aim to develop autonomy and guarantee the citizenship of individuals, groups and communities. Specifically in the community context, health promotion contributes to the development of social participation and the guarantee of rights. These researches aim to investigate aspects of health promotion in the community articulating them with the perspective of collective health. Such research is carried out in NGOs and in community spaces through a qualitative method to investigate significant social networks and protective and risk factors that are related to situations of social vulnerability, or in situations that involve social relationships.
Institutional care. 2019-current. The objective of this project is to carry out research in the context of institutional care, specifically aimed at children/adolescents and social educators. It seeks to know the narratives and life trajectories of children, and also to identify the actions carried out by social educators in the situation of institutional care. Qualitative and quantitative research will be used to identify the practices of social educators, as well as to develop and evaluate interventions with these professionals. Research results seek the construction of evaluation protocols to promote actions aimed at adequately meeting the demands of children and adolescents.
Significant social networks in coping of violence. 2019-current. The objective of this project is to carry out the mapping of significant social networks to identify the sources of social support used by people who are victims of different forms of violence (sexual abuse, physical, psychological aggression). These studies will primarily use the instrument called social network map. Initially, it is considered that social bonds represent resources that help the individual in situations, specifically in the context of violence, as such bonds provide adequate support. This mapping makes it possible to identify protection and risk factors for social vulnerabilities, thus making it possible to propose the development of interventions aimed at the identified demands. Research results help in analyzing the type of social support received and the quality of these relationships, which allows for actions in different areas (family, friends, work, institutional).
Quantitative and qualitative methodologies will be used for an expanded understanding of the relationship between the phenomenon of violence and significant social networks.
Domestic violence. 2020-current. The objective of this research project is to investigate aspects related to domestic violence, specifically that directed at children, women and between intimate partners. Theoretical studies (purpose of expanding concepts, documents (analysis of incident reports), empirical studies (aimed at understanding the experience of people subjected to violence, and application of standardized instruments) will be carried out. authors of violence against women verifying behavioral aspects after their participation in reflexive groups In general, the results of studies allow the construction of public policies to minimize violence and help the work of professionals involved in the judicial system.
GIOVANA MUNHOZ DA ROCHA
Forensic Evaluation. 2011-CURRENT. Forensic Evaluation is the heart of Forensic Psychology; being present in almost all areas the forensic psychologist activity. However, only recently the procedures of validation, built and adaptation of tools to the Brazilian reality are part of efforts to solidify the area. The general objective of this project is to carry out theoretical and field studies that can improve tools in the field of evaluation. In this scope, it is important to carry out a survey of the international literature on forensic evaluation, as well as to seek knowing the national reality in this field. The forensic psychologist can use tools to assess emotional and behavioral aspects, in addition to cognitive and neuropsychological assessments. An important scope is the construction and validation of instruments for psychological assessment. Psychometric procedures for these purposes require detailed research, which can be developed by PPG students. The works developed make use of validated instruments such as: ASEBA (Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment), PCL-R (Hare Scale for Psychopathy Assessment) and its variants, ISSL (Stress Inventory for Adults), IHS 2 (Social Skills Inventory 2), TDE II (School Achievement Test II), EFS (Socialization Factor Scale), IEP (Parenting Styles Inventory), BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory II), and others.
Antisocial behavior: research, prevention and intervention.2011-current. Antisocial behavior (CAS) can be defined as that which violates and disrespects the rights of a social group. It is a central theme of forensic psychology, and this project has the perspective of behavior analysis theory. The studies of this project aim to evaluate forensic clinical interventions with institutionally sheltered children and adolescents, juvenile and adults who present antisocial behavior, and their families. Aspects of therapeutic processes aimed at reducing inappropriate behavior and increasing prosocial behavior, as well as parental interventions, are analyzed. Specific disorders described in the literature as related to CAS are selected for analysis, such as: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder. The psychotherapist’s behaviors can also be analyzed in order to relate them to possible changes in the target behaviors. Intervention results are evaluated in pre- and post-test using instruments such as: versions for various ages of the ASEBA (Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment), Client-targeted Behavior Assessment System and to analyze the therapist’s behaviors will be used, the Multidimensional System of Categorization of Therapeutic Skills (SIMCCIT), Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale – CAPS, PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), among others. Qualitative analyzes are performed regarding life history, psychotherapy contents and sociodemographic. To investigate the relationship between the therapist’s intervention and the subjects’ responses, consequential analysis is used. Protocols for the forensic clientele are scarce in Brazil and may provide adequate paths for interventions to this population.
Police Psychology: an area of expertise of the forensic psychologist. 2014- current. Police psychology is an area still little explored in Brazil. This research project aims to carry out assesments and interventions with law enforcement officers, and to know the psychological and behavioral pattern of the police to build a selection protocol based on the characteristics found, and to develop interventions for police officers affected by PTSD. Participants in the research may include military and civilian police officers, firefighters, first responders and delegates and clerks. The method may include the use of interviews and psychological instruments to assess social skills, stress, resilience, depression and PTSD. The psychological instruments are evaluate according to the respective manuals and statistical analyzes are related in order to correlate study variables. The PTSD intervention consists of 12 semi-structured sessions. Results are evaluated pre- and post-test with the PCL-5, an instrument that assesses PTSD. These studies may serve to minimize the effects of risky actions by police officers and allow them to return to the force after appropriate treatment.
GISLEI MOCELIN POLI
Life history and narratives in the forensic context.
The forensic context is quite comprehensive and involves situations related to victims and aggressors in different contexts. Understanding aspects related to their life stories makes it possible to generate important knowledge for understanding the social dynamics present in situations that involve different forms of violence. This project covers these different realities in which violence becomes present. The aim is to gather and understand the lived experience of people or groups and place them within the social, political, economic, and historical contexts where these experiences took place. In addition, it is intended to build a database with life stories and narratives of people who have experienced violence. The research intends to contribute to the understanding of how meanings and representations are constructed along the life trajectory of different actors, and how these aspects are related to the experience of violence, whether as victims or aggressors. Narrative and life history research adopt a qualitative and mixed approach to data collection, through in-depth interviews and the use of expression techniques and records of events and life reports. The life story, along with contextualization and other data sources, makes it possible to triangulate the life story to situate its broader meaning.
Violence, obesity, and eating disorders
Violence is related to the practices adopted in relation to the body in different ways, such as: Victims of violence are more likely to develop physical and mental illnesses, including obesity and eating disorders. Still, people who do not adapt to the socially imposed body model of beauty and thinness have been victims of various forms of prejudice and physical and psychological violence. The Theory of Social Representations makes it possible to understand socially shared ways of thinking and their implications for the adoption of practices related to the body. This project aims to identify relationships between social representations, violence, and unhealthy practices adopted in relation to the body, as well as to develop actions in educational institutions and among victims of violence with a focus on the development of positive self-esteem as a way of preventing or mitigating the impact of violence. exposure to violence in the adoption of unhealthy practices in relation to the body. The methods used may be qualitative, quantitative, or mixed, and will be based on the methodological arsenal developed in the field of study of social representations. Data will be collected through in-depth interviews and questionnaires. The analysis will be performed by Descending Hierarchical Classification (DHC) or lexicographical analysis using the IRaMuTeQ program. The data will make it possible to understand and intervene on aspects related to bodily practices adopted by people to avoid situations of violence or related to previous violence suffered. In this way, generating contributions to the promotion of physical and mental health within the scope of collective health.
PEDRO AFONSO CORTEZ
Psychometrics in Brazil: foundations and purposes for social justice 2022 – CURRENT
We analyse the definition, operationalization and applications resulting from psychometrics in contexts of forensic, educational, labour, environmental, societal and health sciences through the conception of consequential validity and its respective interdisciplinary unfolding in the contemporary scientific and applied field. It is expected, with the achievement of the objectives, to highlight theoretical and practical alternatives to maximize the consequences of qualitative and quantitative psychological evaluation and testing proposals, having as a valuative axiological basis for professional practice a psychosocial perspective anchored in diversity, humanization, ethical coexistence, social justice, equity, inclusion, and personal well-being of those involved throughout this process
Humanization: personal, institutional, and contextual development agenda in Brazil 2022 – CURRENT
We analyse the variables that make barriers and facilitate humanization in people’s lives, in institutions and in the contexts of coexistence and common human development. Mediations proposed in contexts of forensic, educational, labour,environmental, societal and health sciences are emphasized. We focus on developing instruments, protocols and techniques that enable the elaboration of policies and practices anchored in psychosocial principles that act in response to the questions and dilemmas of our time through the application of quantitative and qualitative methods.
SIDNEI RICARDO PRIOLO FILHO
Evaluation and intervention with professionals working in violence against children and intimate partner violence. 2017-current.
Intimate partner violence and violence against children are highly prevalent in the Brazilian population. Psychology has sought to identify variables associated with better quality care and follow-up by professionals who work in these situations of violence. This project aims to develop and evaluate interventions focused on the acquisition of knowledge and skills of professionals. The specific objectives of this project are: a) to evaluate aspects related to the mental health of professionals and risk and protection factors; b) develop, apply and evaluate interventions aimed at better management of risk situations in intimate partner violence with professionals who work in this area; c) assessment of the working and individual conditions of professionals working in these areas. Projects developed with professionals will use strategies to compare the control and intervention groups with pre- and post-test measures and, when possible, prolonged follow-ups. Mental health assessments will consider contextual and work aspects of these professionals, investigating possible solutions to improve the quality of work and, therefore, the quality of care provided for families in situations of violence.
Identification, intervention and evaluation of aspects associated with intimate partner violence.2017- current.
Intervening in cases of violence requires knowledge of different aspects of the trajectory of these behaviors and their consequences. Intimate partner violence has special characteristics that are related to cultural and local aspects. Considering the need to understand this phenomenon in the Brazilian reality, this project aims at: a) identify risk and protection factors for exposure to violence in the Brazilian population, such as sexual perception, family history, among others; b) identify risk and protective factors for the psychological consequences of violence; c) identify individual, family and social characteristics related to victims’ resilience; d) develop instruments for investigation and evaluation of aspects related to IPV. The study will work with population samples and demographic data to survey risk and protective factors for violence. Participants exposed to violence will be selected to evaluate the outcomes studied in the specific objectives. These data aim to contribute to the understanding of the phenomenon and the development of strategies to prevent intimate partner violence in Brazil.
Theory of Mind: investigations with children and adults on social aspects. 2018-current.
The Theory of Mind has been investigated in Human Development from different strategies. One of the main ones is the use of experimental paradigms, in which situations analogous to the real world are created in the laboratory and the participants need to decide regarding rights, resources or possibilities of access to services for other individuals. Research using this strategy, which is well established in the United States, still lacks research in Brazil. This project seeks to investigate current aspects of social relations, such as immigration and religious freedom in decision-making contexts. This project is carried out in partnership with the University of California–Davis and Florida International University. One aim of this project is to carry out cross-cultural research, looking for similarities and differences between age groups in different countries. The construction of knowledge about the development of the Theory of Mind may enable strategies for its development, as well as related constructs such as empathy, moral behavior, and altruism.